Petroleum and natural gas engineering are examples of the branch of engineering that focusses on obtaining crude oil and natural gas. It deals with the production, refinement and regulation of hydrocarbons for global utilization. Owing to its wide expanse of responsibility, it involves several other expertise such as chemistry, geology and geophysics.

The Petroleum and Natural Gas engineering is among the best paying jobs at present with the average annual salary going as high as $ 162,000 without counting all the allowances, benefits and privileges such as travelling conferred upon those who engage in this profession.

Academic Requirements

To become a petroleum and or natural gas engineer takes having a minimum entry level of a Bachelor’s Degree. It is a four-year program (in most colleges) where the learner gets to be taught basic science courses such as mathematics, chemistry, physics, basic engineering courses related to Civil and Mechanical engineering and some business-specific courses.

Some of these schools offering Petroleum Engineering courses combine the masters and degree program in five years while others run a six-year program that also includes work experience. The famous schools in this category include Robert Gordon University in the United Kingdom, Coventry University in the UK and University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in India. Those completing a master’s degree may qualify for jobs in research or university teaching.

All self-employed engineers must be licensed. For this, a minimum of bachelor degree from a school accredited by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology. One must pass the preliminary Fundamentals of Engineering exam and complete at least four years of qualifying work. They must also pass the Principle and Practice of Engineering Examination.

A license may be optional if one works under a licensed engineer.

Job Opportunity

With a Bachelor’s in Petroleum Engineering, the entry level job can be office work before moving out to the field. The oil and gas industry offers extensive job opportunities in any industry, state or institution which is in need for a specialist in the activities related to oil and gas.

Petroleum Engineers must:

  • Apply mathematical and related science knowledge in solving petroleum engineering problems
  • Master the skill, techniques and the modern engineering tools being used
  • Understand their professional and ethical responsibility
  • Be able to communicate effectively
  • Be able to work in multidisciplinary teams
  • Design, conduct experiments, analyze and interpret data
  • Be able to design a system, component or process that will meet the desired needs within realistic constraints like manufacturability and sustainability, health and safety.
  • Oil and Gas Companies

    Some large national and international oil and gas companies include:

    Several organizations and ministries have been formed to oversee the production, refining, distribution, marketing, importing and exporting and conservation of petroleum, natural gas and its product. Good examples of such include the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MOPNG) and Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers.