Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, commonly abbreviated as MOPNG, is a ministry of the government of India that holds the responsibility of exploration, production, refining, distribution, marketing, importing, exporting and the conservation of petroleum, natural gas, petroleum products and liquefied natural gas in India.

Dharmendra Pradhan heads the ministry as the Cabinet Minister. Before Pradhan, Marpadi Veerappa Moily (October 2012- May 2014) was the last minister to have held the position. Other prominent leaders to have held the position are Mani Shankar Aiyar (2004-2006), Ram Naik (1999- 2004), Jaipal Reddy (January 2011- October 2012) and Murli Deora (2006-January 2011). Mrs. Panabaka Lakshmi is the Minister of State and Saurabh Chandra is the Secretary of the Ministry.

Duties allocated to the Ministry

  • Exploration and the exploitation of petroleum resources including natural gas
  • Production, distribution, marketing and pricing of petroleum and petroleum products and natural gas.
  • Administration of various Central laws relating to petroleum and natural gas
  • Carrying out the planning, development and the regulation of oilfield services
  • Engineers India limited and IBP Company together with its subsidiaries except in circumstances where such projects have been allocated to any other ministry.
  • Decide on additives for petroleum and petroleum products
  • Lube blending and greases
  • Management of oil refineries and lube plants
  • Engage in Public Sector projects that involve working with petroleum, petroleum products and or natural gas.
  • To monitor all attached or subordinate offices besides other organizations concerned with the Ministry
  • By the year 2012, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas as had a responsibility to oversee the Petroleum Act, 1934

    1) The Oilfields Development and Regulation Act 1948

    2) The Petroleum Pipelines Act, 1962

    3) Kerosene Order, 1970

    4) Paraffin Wax Order, 1972

    5) Light Diesel Oil Order, 1973

    6) The ESSO Act, 1974

    7) The Oil Industry Act, 1974

    8) Furnace Oil Order, 1974

    9) Burmah-Shell Act, 1976

    10) Kosan Gas Acquisition Act. 1979

    11) Lubricating Greases and Oils Regulation Order 1987

    12) Motor Spirit and High Speed Diesel Order, 1990

    13) Kerosene Order, 1993

    14)Liquefied Petroleum Gas Order, 1993

    Public-Sector Undertakings

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas also has control over several public undertaking companies namely:

  • Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
  • GAIL (India) Limited
  • Engineers India Limited (EIL)
  • Oil India Limited (OIL)
  • Biecco Lawrie Limited
  • Lubrizol India Limited (LIL)
  • Balmer Lawrie and Company Limited
  • Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited
  • Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
  • Several programs have been initiated under the governance of the ministry including:

    The Vishakhapatnam Project taken up in a 68 acre of land belonging to both the Vishakhapatnam Port Trust and the Eastern Naval Command.

    The Mangalore Project that sits on a 100 acre piece of land belonging to the Mangalore Special Economic Zone Limited.

    The Padur Project executed in 160 acres of land, owned by the Karnataka Government and private land holders.