Junk bonds have terms just like the ones associated with regular bonds. They are bonds with the same features just like the regular bonds only that they are associated with more risks to the investors. When we talk of a bond what comes into your mind is loaning money to either to an individual, government or even private companies. The debtors promise to give the cash back after the maturity of the bond with interest returns. Junk bonds do not escape this concept only that the risks involved are too high. The borrower can default on its bond meaning that the money lender will not get the money as promised. They can be very heart breaking sometimes where default happens.

Junk bonds are also referred to as non-investment or speculative bonds. The name of the bonds is associated with the behavior of borrowers to default payment. These low ranking bonds are given out by organizations without long track accounts or companies with a doubtful capacity to meet debt obligations. Another reason junk bonds have the name is because very few brokers invest in these low-grade bonds. Because of the default risks involved with these bonds, companies that issue junk bonds offer very high interest rates to attract more investors. Due to the high-interest rates the bonds give they can also be referred to as high-yield bonds.

The important thing for you to bear in mind is that even when borrowers fail to pay junk bonds, it might still retain some of its value. The effect of default on junk bonds value is referred to as default loss rate. At times, the bonds real price loss does not resemble its default loss rate. Some situations where this may apply are like: failure to pay a junk bond due to bankruptcy will decrease the bonds price further than a default due to business changing its strategic location.

Credit rating system determines the failure to meet payment promise. The determination is based on the possibilities of the bond issuer unable to make payments on time or even failure to pay at all. Bonds credit ratings are measured by the ranking system. It begins with a rating of AAA for bonds with high credit ratings (with fewer chances of default).The ratings go down to D (a rating for the most likely to default).Example being the junk bonds which have a rating of BB or even less.

The reason that junk bonds are issued by less established companies and have high default risks should not deter you from investing in these bonds. On a case where the company fulfills its promise of payment the investor yields much greater returns compared to what is earned with other types of bonds. Junk bonds can be worth the effort due to the high returns they yield.

Although the returns are very high, junk bonds are most recommendable to most experienced investors who have lots of money to spend. For those with enough money for saving and they cannot like to involve themselves with default risks it is wiser to invest in more secure bonds rather than junk bonds.