A bond that is given out by a states government is what is known as a government bond. Just like all other bonds, government bonds are issued with a guarantee to give timely interest charges and refund the face cost when it ripens. A state’s notes (currency) controls the government bonds of a particular country. With most business credit worthiness is the essential attribute to have. Thus, the trust to pay credits is the central principle the government sells its bonds to the market, because the market bonds will have to determine how safe it is do the business with the government.

Worldwide credit rating agencies provide an assessment aimed for the bonds, although the market participants have to come up with their thoughts and decision concerning the government bonds.


Netherlands hand out the first government bonds back in 1517.Since Netherlands was not in existence that time so the government bonds was succeeded by the Amsterdam city but later came out back to Netherlands’ government bonds. A reasonable interest rate during that period ranged around 20%.

Bank of England was the first national government to give a bond. The amazing thing the bond was to provide supply of cash to support war against France, not business prosperity as you might conclude. In most of the investments made there must be risks involved for one to make any profits. The same applies to government bonds. Some risks involved in the bonds are;

Inflation risks- When the value of notes (currency) fall over time this is called inflation. Thus, the decrease in worthy of the charges a bond pays is what is known as inflation risk. Inflation is not a huge problem since all financiers are aware of minor inflations. The risk results when the rate at which inflation strikes is higher than expected. The government takes a measure to protect its customers from this risk. The protection is done by the issue of inflation-indexed bond

Money supply. Government securities for example Treasury bill, when bought the supply of money goes high. The increase in supply of money, to generate money is a big risk to the investors.

Currency risks. It involves a risk where the worthy of a currency given out for a bond decreases in relation to stakeholders, reference to cash. The value of money is expected to go up as demand is high. When the dollar value goes down the Euro value goes up. Investors will consider taking government bonds from a country that has money with an increased value neglecting bonds from a decreased value. It shows how a government bond may lose investors due to currency risks.

Credit risks. The assumption that the government will always get money from taxes or even supply more money can fail at times. If the country is unable to raise the cash, it may be a big risk since it will not be able to redeem the taken bond when it matures. For example, the Russian government could not manage to solve its home cash debt in the year 1998, good example of a credit risk that the Russian government faced. The same can also happen to government bonds.

Risks are expected in any profit making investment. This information was to educate you to but not to put you off from investing in government bonds. Always be positive while saving.